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New American Bible

2002 11 11
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Chapter 3


Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, while Satan stood at his right hand to accuse him.


And the angel of the LORD said to Satan, "May the LORD rebuke you, Satan; may the LORD who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is not this man a brand snatched from the fire?"


1 Now Joshua was standing before the angel, clad in filthy garments.


He spoke and said to those who were standing before him, "Take off his filthy garments, and clothe him in festal garments."


He also said, "Put a clean miter on his head." And they put a clean miter on his head and clothed him with the garments. Then the angel of the LORD, standing, said, "See, I have taken away your guilt."


The angel of the LORD then gave Joshua this assurance:


"Thus says the LORD of hosts: If you walk in my ways and heed my charge, you shall judge my house and keep my courts, and I will give you access among these standing here.


2 Listen, O Joshua, high priest! You and your associates who sit before you are men of good omen. Yes, I will bring my servant the Shoot.


3 Look at the stone that I have placed before Joshua, one stone with seven facets. I will engrave its inscription, says the LORD of hosts, and I will take away the guilt of the land in one day.


On that day, says the LORD of hosts, you will invite one another under your vines and fig trees."



1 [3] Filthy garments: symbolic of mourning for the dead, or of national catastrophe, and implying acknowledgment of guilt ( Zechariah 3:5).

2 [8] Men of good omen: the restoration of the priesthood is a sign of the coming of the messianic times. My servant the Shoot: identified, in the earliest form of Zechariah 6:11-12 as the prophet composed it, with Zerubbabel, direct descendant of King David and rebuilder of the temple; and, as such, a type of the Messiah; cf Jeremiah 23:5.

3 [9] One stone with seven facets: apparently the same as the select stone of Zechariah 4:7(10) which seems to be a precious gem. The seven facets are explained in Zechariah 4:7(10) as signifying the Lord's vigilance over the world. I will engrave its inscription: the same Hebrew verb for engrave is used in Exodus 28:9, 11 in regard to the inscriptions on the twelve precious stones of the priestly breastpiece.

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