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|New American Bible|
2002 11 11
IntraText - Text
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1 A psalm of David. 2 The
LORD says to you, my lord: "Take your throne at my righthand, while I make
your enemies your footstool."
The scepter of your sovereign might the LORD
will extend from Zion. The LORD says: "Rule over your enemies!
3 Yours is princely power from the day of your
birth. In holy splendor before the daystar, like the dew I begot you."
4 The LORD has sworn and will not waver:
"Like Melchizedek you are a priest forever."
At your right hand is the Lord, who crushes
kings on the day of wrath,
Who, robed in splendor, judges nations, crushes
heads across the wide earth,
5 Who drinks from the brook by the wayside and
thus holds high the head.
1 [Psalm 110] A royal psalm in which
a court singer recites three oracles in which God assures the king that his
enemies are conquered (⇒ Psalm 110:1-2), makes the
king "son" in traditional adoption language
(⇒ Psalm 110:3), gives priestly status to the king
and promises to be with him in future military ventures
(⇒ Psalm 110:4-7).
2  The LORD says to you, my lord:
literally, "The LORD says to my lord," a polite form of address of an
inferior to a superior. Cf
⇒ 1 Sam 25:25; ⇒ 2 Sam
court singer refers to the king. Jesus in the synoptic gospels
(⇒ Matthew 22:41-46 and parallels) takes the
psalmist to be David and hence "my lord" refers to the messiah, who
must be someone greater than David. Your footstool: in ancient times victorious
kings put their feet on the prostrate bodies of their enemies.
3  Like the dew I begot you: an
adoption formula as in ⇒ Psalm 2:7;
⇒ 89:27-28. Before the daystar: possibly an
expression for before the world began (⇒ Proverb
4  Like Melchizedek: Melchizedek
was the ancient king of Salem (Jerusalem) who blessed Abraham
(⇒ Genesis 14:18-20); like other kings of the time
he performed priestly functions. Hebrews 7 sees in Melchizedek a type of
5  Who drinks from the brook by
the wayside: the meaning is uncertain. Some see an allusion to a rite of royal
consecration at the Gihon spring (cf ⇒ 1 Kings
1:33, ⇒ 38). Others find here an image of
the divine warrior (or king) pursuing enemies so relentlessly that he does not
stop long enough to eat and drink.
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