The Holy See
           back          up     Help

New American Bible

2002 11 11
IntraText - Text
Previous - Next

Click here to show the links to concordance

Chapter 3


1 If a man sends away his wife and, after leaving him, she marries another man, Does the first husband come back to her? Would not the land be wholly defiled? But you have sinned with many lovers, and yet you would return to me! says the LORD.


2 Lift your eyes to the heights, and see, where have men not lain with you? By the waysides you waited for them like an Arab in the desert. You defiled the land by your wicked harlotry.


Therefore the showers were withheld, the spring rain failed. But because you have a harlot's brow, you refused to blush.


Even now do you not call me, "My father, you who are the bridegroom of my youth"?


"Will he keep his wrath forever, will he hold his grudge to the end?" This is what you say; yet you do all the evil you can.


The LORD said to me in the days of King Josiah: See now what rebellious Israel has done! She has gone up every high mountain, and under every green tree she has played the harlot.


And I thought, after she has done all this she will return to me. But she did not return. Then, even though her traitor sister Judah saw


that for all the adulteries rebellious Israel had committed, I put her away and gave her a bill of divorce, nevertheless her traitor sister Judah was not frightened; she too went off and played the harlot.


Eager to sin, she polluted the land, committing adultery with stone and wood.


With all this, the traitor sister Judah did not return to me wholeheartedly, but insincerely, says the LORD.


Then the LORD said to me: Rebel Israel is inwardly more just than traitorous Judah.


Go, proclaim these words toward the north, and say: Return, rebel Israel, says the LORD, I will not remain angry with you; For I am merciful, says the LORD, I will not continue my wrath forever.


Only know your guilt: how you rebelled against the LORD, your God, How you ran hither and yon to strangers (under every green tree) and would not listen to my voice, says the LORD.


3 Return, rebellious children, says the LORD, for I am your Master; I will take you, one from a city, two from a clan, and bring you to Zion.


I will appoint over you shepherds after my own heart, who will shepherd you wisely and prudently.


When you multiply and become fruitful in the land, says the LORD, They will in those days no longer say, "The ark of the covenant of the LORD!" They will no longer think of it, or remember it, or miss it, or make another.


At that time they will call Jerusalem the LORD'S throne; there all nations will be gathered together to honor the name of the LORD at Jerusalem, and they will walk no longer in their hardhearted wickedness.


In those days the house of Judah will join the house of Israel; together they will come from the land of the north to the land which I gave to your fathers as a heritage.


I had thought: How I should like to treat you as sons, And give you a pleasant land, a heritage most beautiful among the nations! You would call me, "My Father," I thought, and never cease following me.


But like a woman faithless to her lover, even so have you been faithless to me, O house of Israel, says the LORD.


A cry is heard on the heights! the plaintive weeping of Israel's children, Because they have perverted their ways and forgotten the LORD, their God.


Return, rebellious children, and I will cure you of your rebelling. "Here we are, we now come to you because you are the LORD, our God.


Deceptive indeed are the hills, the thronging mountains; In the LORD, our God, alone is the salvation of Israel.


4 The shame-god has devoured our fathers' toil from our youth, Their sheep and their cattle, their sons and their daughters.


Let us lie down in our shame, let our disgrace cover us, for we have sinned against the LORD, our God, From our youth to this day, we and our fathers also; we listened not to the voice of the LORD, our God."



1 [1] Such remarriage of divorced spouses was forbidden by Deut 24:1-4. Under this figure the prophet sees the presumption of Judah, the unfaithful spouse, who thinks she can return to the Lord after uniting herself to other gods.

2 [2] An Arab: a marauding nomad who lay in wait for caravans.

3 [14-18] A remnant of Israel ( Jeremiah 3:14) will reunite with Judah (18). The elementary cult of the Lord represented by the ark of the covenant will now be replaced by a more deeply spiritual and universal alliance, symbolized by his throne in the ideal Jerusalem around which all nations will be gathered together ( Jeremiah 3:17).

4 [24] Shame-god: literally, shame, a term commonly substituted for Baal, the Canaanite god with many local shrines.

Previous - Next

Copyright © Libreria Editrice Vaticana