CODE OF CANON LAW
BOOK III. THE TEACHING FUNCTION OF THE CHURCH
CATHOLIC EDUCATION (Cann. 793 - 821)
Can. 793 §1. Parents and those who take their place are bound by the
obligation and possess the right of educating their offspring. Catholic parents
also have the duty and right of choosing those means and institutions through
which they can provide more suitably for the Catholic education of their
children, according to local circumstances.
§2. Parents also have the right to that assistance, to be furnished by civil
society, which they need to secure the Catholic education of their children.
Can. 794 §1. The duty and right of educating belongs in a special way to the
Church, to which has been divinely entrusted the mission of assisting persons so
that they are able to reach the fullness of the Christian life.
§2. Pastors of souls have the duty of arranging everything so that all the
faithful have a Catholic education.
Can. 795 Since true education must strive for complete formation of the human
person that looks to his or her final end as well as to the common good of
societies, children and youth are to be nurtured in such a way that they are
able to develop their physical, moral, and intellectual talents harmoniously,
acquire a more perfect sense of responsibility and right use of freedom, and are
formed to participate actively in social life.
Can. 796 §1. Among the means to foster education, the Christian faithful are
to hold schools in esteem; schools are the principal assistance to parents in
fulfilling the function of education.
§2. Parents must cooperate closely with the teachers of the schools to which
they entrust their children to be educated; moreover, teachers in fulfilling
their duty are to collaborate very closely with parents, who are to be heard
willingly and for whom associations or meetings are to be established and highly
Can. 797 Parents must possess a true freedom in choosing schools; therefore,
the Christian faithful must be concerned that civil society recognizes this
freedom for parents and even supports it with subsidies; distributive justice is
to be observed.
Can. 798 Parents are to entrust their children to those schools which provide
a Catholic education. If they are unable to do this, they are obliged to take
care that suitable Catholic education is provided for their children outside the
Can. 799 The Christian faithful are to strive so that in civil society the
laws which regulate the formation of youth also provide for their religious and
moral education in the schools themselves, according to the conscience of the
Can. 800 §1. The Church has the right to establish and direct schools of any
discipline, type, and level.
§2. The Christian faithful are to foster Catholic schools, assisting in their
establishment and maintenance according to their means.
Can. 801 Religious institutes whose proper mission is education, retaining
their mission faithfully, are also to strive to devote themselves to Catholic
education through their schools, established with the consent of the diocesan
Can. 802 §1. If schools which offer an education imbued with a Christian
spirit are not available, it is for the diocesan bishop to take care that they
§2. Where it is expedient, the diocesan bishop is to make provision for the
establishment of professional schools, technical schools, and other schools
required by special needs.
Can. 803 §1. A Catholic school is understood as one which a competent
ecclesiastical authority or a public ecclesiastical juridic person directs or
which ecclesiastical authority recognizes as such through a written document.
§2. The instruction and education in a Catholic school must be grounded in
the principles of Catholic doctrine; teachers are to be outstanding in correct
doctrine and integrity of life.
§3. Even if it is in fact Catholic, no school is to bear the name Catholic
school without the consent of competent ecclesiastical authority.
Can. 804 §1. The Catholic religious instruction and education which are
imparted in any schools whatsoever or are provided through the various
instruments of social communication are subject to the authority of the Church.
It is for the conference of bishops to issue general norms about this field of
action and for the diocesan bishop to regulate and watch over it.
§2. The local ordinary is to be concerned that those who are designated
teachers of religious instruction in schools, even in non-Catholic ones, are
outstanding in correct doctrine, the witness of a Christian life, and teaching
Can. 805 For his own diocese, the local ordinary has the right to appoint or
approve teachers of religion and even to remove them or demand that they be
removed if a reason of religion or morals requires it.
Can. 806 §1. The diocesan bishop has the right to watch over and visit the
Catholic schools in his territory, even those which members of religious
institutes have founded or direct. He also issues prescripts which pertain to
the general regulation of Catholic schools; these prescripts are valid also for
schools which these religious direct, without prejudice, however, to their
autonomy regarding the internal direction of their schools.
§2. Directors of Catholic schools are to take care under the watchfulness of
the local ordinary that the instruction which is given in them is at least as
academically distinguished as that in the other schools of the area.
CATHOLIC UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER INSTITUTES OF HIGHER STUDIES
Can. 807 The Church has the right to erect and direct universities, which
contribute to a more profound human culture, the fuller development of the human
person, and the fulfillment of the teaching function of the Church.
Can. 808 Even if it is in fact Catholic, no university is to bear the title
or name of Catholic university without the consent of competent ecclesiastical
Can. 809 If it is possible and expedient, conferences of bishops are to take
care that there are universities or at least faculties suitably spread through
their territory, in which the various disciplines are studied and taught, with
their academic autonomy preserved and in light of Catholic doctrine.
Can. 810 §1. The authority competent according to the statutes has the duty
to make provision so that teachers are appointed in Catholic universities who
besides their scientific and pedagogical qualifications are outstanding in
integrity of doctrine and probity of life and that they are removed from their
function when they lack these requirements; the manner of proceeding defined in
the statutes is to be observed.
§2. The conferences of bishops and diocesan bishops concerned have the duty
and right of being watchful so that the principles of Catholic doctrine are
observed faithfully in these same universities.
Can. 811 §1. The competent ecclesiastical authority is to take care that in
Catholic universities a faculty or institute or at least a chair of theology is
erected in which classes are also given for lay students.
§2. In individual Catholic universities, there are to be classes which
especially treat those theological questions which are connected to the
disciplines of their faculties.
Can. 812 Those who teach theological disciplines in any institutes of higher
studies whatsoever must have a mandate from the competent ecclesiastical
Can. 813 The diocesan bishop is to have earnest pastoral care for students,
even by erecting a parish or at least by designating priests stably for this,
and is to make provision that at universities, even non-Catholic ones, there are
Catholic university centers which give assistance, especially spiritual
assistance, to youth.
Can. 814 The prescripts established for universities apply equally to other
institutes of higher learning.
ECCLESIASTICAL UNIVERSITIES AND FACULTIES
Can. 815 Ecclesiastical universities or faculties, which are to investigate
the sacred disciplines or those connected to the sacred and to instruct students
scientifically in the same disciplines, are proper to the Church by virtue of
its function to announce the revealed truth.
Can. 816 §1. Ecclesiastical universities and faculties can be established
only through erection by the Apostolic See or with its approval; their higher
direction also pertains to it.
§2. Individual ecclesiastical universities and faculties must have their own
statutes and plan of studies approved by the Apostolic See.
Can. 817 No university or faculty which has not been erected or approved by
the Apostolic See is able to confer academic degrees which have canonical
effects in the Church.
Can. 818 The prescripts established for Catholic universities in cann. 810,
812, and 813 are also valid for ecclesiastical universities and faculties.
Can. 819 To the extent that the good of a diocese, a religious institute, or
even the universal Church itself requires it, diocesan bishops or the competent
superiors of the institutes must send to ecclesiastical universities or
faculties youth, clerics, and members, who are outstanding in character, virtue,
Can. 820 The moderators and professors of ecclesiastical universities and
faculties are to take care that the various faculties of the university oVer
mutual assistance as their subject matter allows and that there is mutual
cooperation between their own university or faculty and other universities and
faculties, even non-ecclesiastical ones, by which they work together for the
greater advance of knowledge through common eVort, meetings, coordinated
scientific research, and other means.
Can. 821 The conference of bishops and the diocesan bishop are to make
provision so that where possible, higher institutes of the religious sciences
are established, namely, those which teach the theological disciplines and other
disciplines which pertain to Christian culture.