CODE OF CANON LAW
BOOK IV. FUNCTION OF THE CHURCH
THE OTHER ACTS OF DIVINE WORSHIP
SACRAMENTALS (Cann. 1166 - 1172)
Can. 1166 Sacramentals are sacred signs by which effects,
especially spiritual effects, are signified in some imitation of the sacraments
and are obtained through the intercession of the Church.
Can. 1167 §1. The Apostolic See alone can establish new sacramentals,
authentically interpret those already received, or abolish or change any of them.
§2. In confecting or administering sacramentals, the rites and formulas
approved by the authority of the Church are to be observed carefully.
Can. 1168 The minister of sacramentals is a cleric who has been provided
with the requisite power. According to the norm of the liturgical books and to
the judgment of the local ordinary lay persons who possess the appropriate
qualities can also administer some sacramentals.
Can. 1169 §1. Those marked with the episcopal character and presbyters
permitted by law or legitimate grant can perform consecrations and dedications
§2. Any presbyter can impart blessings except those reserved to the Roman
Pontiff or bishops.
§3. A deacon can impart only those blessings expressly permitted by law.
Can. 1170 Blessings, which are to be imparted first of all to Catholics, can
also be given to catechumens and even to non-Catholics unless there is a
prohibition of the Church to the contrary.
Can. 1171 Sacred objects, which are designated for divine worship by
dedication or blessing, are to be treated reverently and are not to be employed
for profane or inappropriate use even if they are owned by private persons.
Can. 1172 §1. No one can perform exorcisms legitimately upon the possessed
unless he has obtained special and express permission from the local ordinary.
§2. The local ordinary is to give this permission only to a presbyter who has
piety, knowledge, prudence, and integrity of life.
THE LITURGY OF THE HOURS (Cann. 1173
Can. 1173 Fulfilling the priestly function of Christ, the Church celebrates
the liturgy of the hours. In the liturgy of the hours, the Church, hearing God
speaking to his people and recalling the mystery of salvation, praises him
without ceasing by song and prayer and intercedes for the salvation of the whole
Can. 1174 §1. Clerics are obliged to carry out the liturgy of the hours
according to the norm of can.
276, §2, n. 3; members of institutes of consecrated life and societies of
apostolic life, however, are bound according to the norm of their constitutions.
§2. Other members of the Christian faithful, according to circumstances, are
also earnestly invited to participate in the liturgy of the hours as an action
of the Church.
Can. 1175 In carrying out the liturgy of the hours, the true time for each
hour is to be observed insofar as possible.
ECCLESIASTICAL FUNERALS (Cann. 1176 -
Can. 1176 §1. Deceased members of the Christian faithful must be given
ecclesiastical funerals according to the norm of law.
§2. Ecclesiastical funerals, by which the Church seeks spiritual support for
the deceased, honors their bodies, and at the same time brings the solace of
hope to the living, must be celebrated according to the norm of the liturgical
§3. The Church earnestly recommends that the pious custom of burying the
bodies of the deceased be observed; nevertheless, the Church does not prohibit
cremation unless it was chosen for reasons contrary to Christian doctrine.
THE CELEBRATION OF FUNERALS
Can. 1177 §1. A funeral for any deceased member of the faithful must
generally be celebrated in his or her parish church.
§2. Any member of the faithful or those competent to take care of the funeral
of a deceased member of the faithful are permitted to choose another church for
the funeral rite with the consent of the person who governs it and after
no-tification of the proper pastor of the deceased.
§3. If a death occurred outside the person’s own parish, and the body was not
transferred to it nor another church legitimately chosen for the funeral rite,
the funeral is to be celebrated in the church of the parish where the death
occurred unless particular law has designated another church.
Can. 1178 The funeral of a diocesan bishop is to be celebrated in his own
cathedral church unless he has chosen another church.
Can. 1179 The funerals of religious or members of a society of apostolic
life are generally to be celebrated in their own church or oratory by the
superior if the institute or society is clerical; otherwise by the chaplain.
Can. 1180 §1. If a parish has its own cemetery, the deceased members of the
faithful must be buried in it unless the deceased or those competent to take
care of the burial of the deceased have chosen another cemetery legitimately.§2.
Everyone, however, is permitted to choose the cemetery of burial unless
prohibited by law.
Can. 1181 Regarding offerings on the occasion of funeral rites, the
prescripts of can.
1264 are to be observed, with the caution, however, that there is to be no
favoritism toward persons in funerals and that the poor are not deprived of
Can. 1182 When the burial has been completed, a record is to be made in the
register of deaths according to the norm of particular law.
THOSE TO WHOM ECCLESIASTICAL FUNERALS MUST BE GRANTED OR DENIED
Can. 1183 §1. When it concerns funerals, catechumens must be counted among
the Christian faithful.
§2. The local ordinary can permit children whom the parents intended to
baptize but who died before baptism to be given ecclesiastical funerals.
§3. In the prudent judgment of the local ordinary, ecclesiastical funerals
can be granted to baptized persons who are enrolled in a non-Catholic Church or
ecclesial community unless their intention is evidently to the contrary and
provided that their own minister is not available.
Can. 1184 §1. Unless they gave some signs of repentance before death, the
following must be deprived of ecclesiastical funerals:
1/ notorious apostates, heretics, and schismatics;
2/ those who chose the cremation of their bodies for reasons contrary to
3/ other manifest sinners who cannot be granted ecclesiastical funerals
without public scandal of the faithful.
§2. If any doubt occurs, the local ordinary is to be consulted, and his
judgment must be followed.
Can. 1185 Any funeral Mass must also be denied a person who is excluded from
THE VENERATION OF THE SAINTS, SACRED
IMAGES, AND RELICS (Cann. 1186 - 1190)
Can. 1186 To foster the sanctification of the people of God, the Church
commends to the special and filial reverence of the Christian faithful the
Blessed Mary ever Virgin, Mother of God, whom Christ established as the mother
of all people, and promotes the true and authentic veneration of the other
saints whose example instructs the Christian faithful and whose intercession
Can. 1187 It is permitted to reverence through public veneration only those
servants of God whom the authority of the Church has recorded in the list of the
saints or the blessed.
Can. 1188 The practice of displaying sacred images in churches for the
reverence of the faithful is to remain in effect. Nevertheless, they are to be
exhibited in moderate number and in suitable order so that the Christian people
are not confused nor occasion given for inappropriate devotion.
Can. 1189 If they are in need of repair, precious images, that is, those
distinguished by age, art, or veneration, which are exhibited in churches or
oratories for the reverence of the faithful are never to be restored without the
written permission of the ordinary; he is to consult experts before he grants
Can. 1190 §1. It is absolutely forbidden to sell sacred relics.
§2. Relics of great significance and other relics honored with great
reverence by the people cannot be alienated validly in any manner or transferred
permanently without the permission of the Apostolic See.
§3. The prescript of §2 is valid also for images which are honored in some
church with great reverence by the people.