22nd SPECIAL SESSION OF THE HUMAN
BY H.E. ARCHBISHOP SILVANO M. TOMASI
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE HOLY SEE TO THE UNITED NATIONS
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN GENEVA
ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN IRAQ
Monday, 1st September 2014
1. In several regions of the world there are centers of violence — Northern
Iraq in particular — that challenge the local and international communities to
renew their efforts in the pursuit of peace. Even prior to considerations of
international humanitarian law and the law of war, and no matter the
circumstances, an indispensable requirement is respect for the inviolable
dignity of the human person, which is the foundation of all human rights. The
tragic failure to uphold such basic rights is evident in the self-proclaimed
destructive entity, the so-called “Islamic State” group (ISIS).
People are decapitated as they stand for their belief; women are violated
without mercy and sold like slaves on the market; children are forced into
combat; prisoners are slaughtered against all juridical provisions.
2. The responsibility of international protection, especially when a
government is not able to ensure the safety of the victims, surely applies in
this case, and concrete steps need to be taken with urgency and resolve in order
to stop the unjust aggressor, to reestablish a just peace and to protect all
vulnerable groups of society. Adequate steps must be taken to achieve these
3. All regional and international actors must explicitly condemn the brutal,
barbaric and uncivilized behavior of the criminal groups fighting in Eastern
Syria and Northern Iraq.
4. The responsibility to protect has to be assumed in good faith, within the
framework of international law and humanitarian law. Civil society in general,
and religious and ethnic communities in particular, should not become an
instrument of regional and international geopolitical games. Nor should they be
viewed as an “object of indifference” because of their religious identity or
because other players consider them to be a “negligible quantity”. Protection,
if not effective, is not protection.
5. The appropriate United Nations agencies, in collaboration with local
authorities, must provide adequate humanitarian aid, food, water, medicines, and
shelter, to those who are fleeing violence. This aid, however, should be a
temporary emergency assistance. The forcibly displaced Christians, Yazidis and
other groups have the right to return to their homes, receive assistance for the
rebuilding of their houses and places of worship, and live in safety.
6. Blocking the flow of arms and the underground oil market, as well as any
indirect political support, of the so-called “Islamic State” group, will help
put an end to the violence.
7. The perpetrators of these crimes against humanity must be pursued with
determination. They must not be allowed to act with impunity, thereby risking
the repetition of the atrocities that have been committed by the so-called
“Islamic State” group.
8. As Pope Francis stressed in his letter to Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon:
“the violent attacks … cannot but awaken the consciences of all men and women of
goodwill to concrete acts of solidarity by protecting those affected or
threatened by violence and assuring the necessary and urgent assistance for the
many displaced people as well as their safe return to their cities and their
homes”. What is happening today in Iraq has happened in the past and could
happen tomorrow in other places. Experience teaches us that an insufficient
response, or even worse, total inaction, often results in further escalation of
violence. Failing to protect all Iraqi citizens, allowing them to be innocent
victims of these criminals in an atmosphere of empty words, amounting to a
global silence, will have tragic consequences for Iraq, for its neighboring
countries and for the rest of the world. It will also be a serious blow to the
credibility of those groups and individuals who strive to uphold human rights
and humanitarian law. In particular, the leaders of the different religions bear
a special responsibility to make it clear that no religion can justify these
morally reprehensible and cruel and barbaric crimes, and to remind everyone that
as one human family, we are our brothers’ keepers.