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College of Cardinals

Biographical notes

[Updated: 21.02.2011]


Notice: the biographical notes are only a working instrument for the press.


MEJÍA Card. Jorge María

© Gregorz Galazka



Cardinal Jorge María Mejía, Archivist and Librarian emeritus of the Holy Roman Church, was born on 31 January 1923 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He was ordained for the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires on 22 September 1945 and holds a doctorate in theology from the Angelicum and a licentiate in Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome.

He was professor of Old Testament studies at the Catholic University of Buenos Aires. During the Perón era he edited the Catholic journal Criterio and was a peritus at the Second Vatican Council. He was secretary of CELAM's Department of Ecumenism from 1967 until being named secretary of the Holy See's Commission for Religious Relations with Jews in 1977. In 1986 he was appointed Vice-President of the Pontifical Commission "Iustitia et Pax" and ordained titular Bishop of Apollonia on 12 April.

On 5 March 1994 he was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops and raised to the archiepiscopal dignity. Since 1998 he has been Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church.

Archivist and Librarian emeritus of the Holy Roman Church, November 2003.

Created and proclaimed Cardinal by John Paul II in the consistory of 21 February 2001, of the Title of S. Girolamo della Carità (St. Jerome of Charity), Deaconry elevated pro hac vice to presbyteral title (21 February 2011).

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