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Code of Canon Law


IntraText - Concordances
law
1-500 | 501-609

    Book,  Part, Can.
1 Intr | copyright 1998 by Canon Law Society of America.~All 2 Intr | LC number 99-093240~Canon Law Society of America~Washington, 3 Intr | First Printing~The Canon Law Society of America graciously 4 Intr | translation of the Code of Canon Law on this CD.~ ~ABBREVIATIONS 5 Intr | the revised Code of Canon Law. In so doing, my thoughts 6 Intr | reform of the Code of Canon Law appeared to be definitely 7 Intr | history and especially canon law.~To one and all of them 8 Intr | nature of the Code of Canon Law.~To reply adequately to 9 Intr | the distant patrimony of law contained in the books of 10 Intr | very rich heritage of the law and the prophets which was 11 Intr | obtained by the works of the law but by means of faith (cf. 12 Intr | expression.~The new Code of Canon Law appears at a moment when 13 Intr | fact, the Code of Canon Law is extremely necessary for 14 Intr | is to have the force of law for the whole Latin Church, 15 Intr | they will have the force of law beginning from the first 16 Intr | assistance of experts in canon law called glossators. Besides 17 Intr | collection. The ecclesiastical law which this Corpus embraces 18 Intr | constitutes the classical law of the Catholic Church and 19 Intr | name.~To this corpus of law of the Latin Church corresponds 20 Intr | imitated the system of Roman law institutes on persons, things 21 Intr | a case of enacting a new law but rather a matter of arranging 22 Intr | Everyone hailed the universal law of this Pio-Benedictine 23 Intr | that a new reform of canon law was increasingly more imperative 24 Intr | Revision of the Code of Canon Law was established on March 25 Intr | was recalled that canon law flows from the nature of 26 Intr | the character of church law was illustrated; its necessity 27 Intr | history of the progress of law and its collections was 28 Intr | need of a new reform of the law to respond to the ongoing 29 Intr | new needs even if the old law was to supply the foundation 30 Intr | unanimously.~1. In renewing the law the juridic character of 31 Intr | much as possible, the new law, besides the virtue of justice, 32 Intr | strict observance of the law on account of the public 33 Intr | powers is a reality of divine law. In virtue of this principle 34 Intr | and universal and general law are observed. On the basis 35 Intr | Therefore in renewing the law attention should be paid 36 Intr | Church cannot renounce penal law. However, penalties are 37 Intr | and advice regarding the law to be drafted and the best 38 Intr | of the new Code of Canon Law: bishops, priests, religious, 39 Intr | laity, experts in canon law, theology, pastoral practice, 40 Intr | pastoral practice, and civil law from all over the Catholic 41 Intr | magisterium,” “the patrimonial law of the Church,” “processes,” “ 42 Intr | Church,” “processes,” “penal law.”~The issues dealt with 43 Intr | schema on the patrimonial law of the Church.~Undoubtedly 44 Intr | matter and character of canon law than the old organization, 45 Intr | schema on the Fundamental Law of the Church which had 46 Intr | Revision of the Code of Canon Law. After mature consideration 47 Intr | faithful the most recent law of the Church, which is 48 Intr | certain elements of the new law become less perfect and 49 Intr | life.~Now, however, the law can no longer be unknown. 50 1, 0, 5| particular customs beyond the law (praeter ius) which are 51 1, 0, 6| abrogated:~1/ the Code of Canon Law promulgated in 1917;~2/ 52 1, 0, 6| Insofar as they repeat former law, the canons of this Code 53 1, 0, 7| Can. 7 A law is established when it is 54 1, 0, 8| nature of the matter, or the law itself has specifically 55 1, 0, 8| promulgation unless the law itself establishes another 56 1, 0, 11| reason, and, unless the law expressly provides otherwise, 57 1, 0, 14| there is a doubt about the law. When there is a doubt about 58 1, 0, 15| Ignorance or error about a law, a penalty, a fact concerning 59 1, 0, 16| put forth in the form of law has the same force as the 60 1, 0, 16| has the same force as the law itself and must be promulgated. 61 1, 0, 16| declares the words of the law which are certain in themselves, 62 1, 0, 16| restricts or extends the law, or if it explains a doubtful 63 1, 0, 16| if it explains a doubtful law, it is not retroactive.~§ 64 1, 0, 16| does not have the force of law and only binds the persons 65 1, 0, 17| and circumstances of the law, and to the mind of the 66 1, 0, 18| contain an exception from the law are subject to strict interpretation.~ 67 1, 0, 19| universal or particular law is lacking in a certain 68 1, 0, 19| matters, general principles of law applied with canonical equity, 69 1, 0, 20| Can. 20 A later law abrogates, or derogates 70 1, 0, 20| derogates from, an earlier law if it states so expressly, 71 1, 0, 20| entire matter of the earlier law. A universal law, however, 72 1, 0, 20| earlier law. A universal law, however, in no way derogates 73 1, 0, 20| a particular or special law unless the law expressly 74 1, 0, 20| or special law unless the law expressly provides otherwise.~ 75 1, 0, 21| revocation of a pre-existing law is not presumed, but later 76 1, 0, 22| Civil laws to which the law of the Church yields are 77 1, 0, 22| to be observed in canon law with the same effects, insofar 78 1, 0, 22| are not contrary to divine law and unless canon law provides 79 1, 0, 22| divine law and unless canon law provides otherwise.~ ~ 80 1, 0, 23| canons has the force of law.~ 81 1, 0, 24| which is contrary to divine law can obtain the force of 82 1, 0, 24| can obtain the force of law.~§2. A custom contrary to 83 1, 0, 24| contrary to or beyond canon law (praeter ius canonicum) 84 1, 0, 24| cannot obtain the force of law unless it is reasonable; 85 1, 0, 24| expressly reprobated in the law, however, is not reasonable.~ 86 1, 0, 25| custom obtains the force of law unless it has been observed 87 1, 0, 25| intention of introducing a law by a community capable at 88 1, 0, 25| capable at least of receiving law.~ 89 1, 0, 26| custom contrary to the canon law now in force or one beyond 90 1, 0, 26| or one beyond a canonical law (praeter legem canonicam) 91 1, 0, 26| canonicam) obtains the force of law only if it has been legitimately 92 1, 0, 26| prevail against a canonical law which contains a clause 93 1, 0, 28| 5, a contrary custom or law revokes a custom which is 94 1, 0, 28| contrary to or beyond the law (praeter legem). Unless 95 1, 0, 28| mention of them, however, a law does not revoke centenary 96 1, 0, 28| customs, nor does a universal law revoke particular customs.~ ~ 97 1, 0, 29| community capable of receiving law, are laws properly speaking 98 1, 0, 30| according to the norm of law and the conditions stated 99 1, 0, 31| observed in applying the law or which urge the observance 100 1, 0, 33| well as by cessation of the law for whose execution they 101 1, 0, 34| by the cessation of the law for whose clarification 102 1, 0, 36| others, or are contrary to a law which benefits private persons 103 1, 0, 38| another or is contrary to a law or approved custom, unless 104 1, 0, 46| established it expires unless the law expressly provides otherwise.~ 105 1, 0, 48| according to the norms of law. Of their nature, these 106 1, 0, 49| to urge the observance of law.~ 107 1, 0, 54| according to the norm of law.~ 108 1, 0, 57| Can. 57 §1. Whenever the law orders a decree to be issued 109 1, 0, 57| petition or recourse unless the law prescribes some other time 110 1, 0, 58| through cessation of the law for whose execution it was 111 1, 0, 63| expressed which according to law, style, and canonical practice 112 1, 0, 73| not revoked by a contrary law unless the law itself provides 113 1, 0, 73| contrary law unless the law itself provides otherwise.~ 114 1, 0, 85| a merely ecclesiastical law in a particular case, can 115 1, 0, 85| implicitly either by the law itself or by legitimate 116 1, 0, 89| universal and particular law unless this power has been 117 1, 0, 90| dispensed from an ecclesiastical law without a just and reasonable 118 1, 0, 90| case and the gravity of the law from which dispensation 119 1, 0, 94| according to the norm of law in aggregates of persons ( 120 1, 0, 98| their authority by divine law or canon law. In what pertains 121 1, 0, 98| authority by divine law or canon law. In what pertains to the 122 1, 0, 98| the prescripts of civil law are to be observed unless 123 1, 0, 98| be observed unless canon law provides otherwise or unless 124 1, 0, 105| according to the norm of civil law can also acquire a domicile 125 1, 0, 110| according to the norm of civil law are considered the children 126 1, 0, 113| that is, subjects in canon law of obligations and rights 127 1, 0, 114| either by the prescript of law or by special grant of competent 128 1, 0, 115| according to the norm of law and the statutes; otherwise 129 1, 0, 115| according to the norm of law and the statutes.~ 130 1, 0, 116| of the prescripts of the law, the proper function entrusted 131 1, 0, 116| personality either by the law itself or by a special decree 132 1, 0, 118| universal or particular law or by its own statutes. 133 1, 0, 119| collegial acts, unless the law or statutes provide otherwise:~ 134 1, 0, 119| present has the force of law; after two indecisive ballots, 135 1, 0, 119| present has the force of law; if after two ballots the 136 1, 0, 123| obligations is governed by law and its statutes; if these 137 1, 0, 124| requirements imposed by law for the validity of the 138 1, 0, 125| malice is valid unless the law provides otherwise. It can 139 1, 0, 125| the party’s successors in law, or ex officio.~ 140 1, 0, 126| Otherwise it is valid unless the law makes other provision. An 141 1, 0, 126| according to the norm of law.~ 142 1, 0, 127| When it is established by law that in order to place acts 143 1, 0, 127| only, particular or proper law provides otherwise. For 144 1, 0, 127| When it is established by law that in order to place acts 145 1, 0, 129| of the prescripts of the law, for the power of governance, 146 1, 0, 129| according to the norm of law.~ 147 1, 0, 130| there, except insofar as the law establishes it in determined 148 1, 0, 131| a certain office by the law itself; delegated, that 149 1, 0, 134| ordinary are understood in the law diocesan bishops and others 150 1, 0, 135| the manner prescribed by law; that which a legislator 151 1, 0, 135| validly delegated unless the law explicitly provides otherwise. 152 1, 0, 135| legislator cannot validly issue a law contrary to higher law.~§ 153 1, 0, 135| a law contrary to higher law.~§3. Judicial power, which 154 1, 0, 135| the manner prescribed by law and cannot be delegated 155 1, 0, 136| matter or a prescript of law establishes otherwise, a 156 1, 0, 137| for all cases unless the law expressly provides otherwise.~§ 157 1, 0, 139| Can. 139 §1. Unless the law determines otherwise, the 158 1, 0, 143| connected.~§2. Unless the law provides otherwise, ordinary 159 1, 0, 144| positive and probable doubt of law or of fact, the Church supplies 160 1, 0, 145| are defined either in the law by which the office is constituted 161 1, 0, 148| suppress them unless the law establishes otherwise.~ 162 1, 0, 149| universal or particular law or by the law of the foundation.~§ 163 1, 0, 149| particular law or by the law of the foundation.~§2. Provision 164 1, 0, 149| universal or particular law or by the law of the foundation. 165 1, 0, 149| particular law or by the law of the foundation. Otherwise 166 1, 0, 149| simony is invalid by the law itself.~ 167 1, 0, 153| provision of an office which by law is not vacant is by that 168 1, 0, 153| concerns an office which by law is conferred for a determined 169 1, 0, 154| 154 An office vacant by law, which may still be possessed 170 1, 0, 155| to the ordinary norm of law.~ 171 1, 0, 157| Can. 157 Unless the law explicitly establishes otherwise, 172 1, 0, 161| Can. 161 §1. Unless the law establishes otherwise, a 173 1, 0, 163| according to the norm of law is to install the one legitimately 174 1, 0, 164| Can. 164 Unless the law has provided otherwise, 175 1, 0, 165| Can. 165 Unless the law or the legitimate statutes 176 1, 0, 166| election is null by the law itself unless all those 177 1, 0, 170| any way is invalid by the law itself.~ 178 1, 0, 174| Can. 174 §1. Unless the law or the statutes provide 179 1, 0, 174| observe the prescripts of the law concerning elections and, 180 1, 0, 174| are not contrary to the law; conditions contrary to 181 1, 0, 174| conditions contrary to the law, however, are to be considered 182 1, 0, 176| Can. 176 Unless the law or the statutes provide 183 1, 0, 179| according to the norm of law.~§3. Confirmation must be 184 1, 0, 179| in full right unless the law provides otherwise.~ ~ 185 1, 0, 180| competent authority unless the law provides otherwise.~§2. 186 1, 0, 184| reaching the age determined by law, by resignation, by transfer, 187 1, 0, 184| conferred it unless the law provides otherwise.~§3. 188 1, 0, 188| simony is invalid by the law itself.~ 189 1, 0, 189| according to the norm of law.~§4. A resignation can be 190 1, 0, 190| proceeding prescribed by law is to be observed, always 191 1, 0, 191| other office unless the law provides otherwise or competent 192 1, 0, 192| acquired by contract, or by the law itself according to the 193 1, 0, 193| of proceeding defined by law.~§2. The same is valid for 194 1, 0, 193| to the prescripts of the law can, upon the judgment of 195 1, 0, 194| ecclesiastical office by the law itself:~1/ a person who 196 1, 0, 195| person is removed not by the law itself but by a decree of 197 1, 0, 196| according to the norm of law.~§2. Privation takes effect 198 1, 0, 196| prescripts of the canons on penal law.~ ~ 199 1, 0, 199| divine natural or positive law;~2/ rights which can be 200 1, 0, 199| according to the norm of law, requires the exercise of 201 1, 0, 200| Can. 200 Unless the law expressly provides otherwise, 202 1, 0, 202| Can. 202 §1. In law, a day is understood as 203 1, 0, 203| beginning of the day or the law expressly provides otherwise.~§ 204 2, 1, 207| sacred ministers who in law are also called clerics; 205 2, 1, 209| to the prescripts of the law.~ 206 2, 1, 221| according to the norm of law.~§2. If they are summoned 207 2, 1, 221| to the prescripts of the law applied with equity.~§3. 208 2, 1, 221| according to the norm of law.~ 209 2, 1, 228| according to the precepts of the law.~§2. Lay persons who excel 210 2, 1, 228| according to the norm of law.~ 211 2, 1, 230| according to the norm of law.~§3. When the need of the 212 2, 1, 230| to the prescripts of the law.~ 213 2, 1, 231| the prescripts of civil law having been observed, lay 214 2, 1, 238| personality in the Church by the law itself.~§2. In the handling 215 2, 1, 252| pastoral theology, canon law, liturgy, ecclesiastical 216 2, 1, 253| liturgy, philosophy, canon law, ecclesiastical history, 217 2, 1, 268| particular church by the law itself after Five years 218 2, 1, 269| to the prescripts of the law concerning the decent support 219 2, 1, 269| according to the norm of law.~ 220 2, 1, 275| prescripts of particular law.~§2. Clerics are to acknowledge 221 2, 1, 276| prescripts of particular law;~5/ they are urged to engage 222 2, 1, 279| prescripts of particular law, priests are to attend pastoral 223 2, 1, 279| established by the same law, are also to attend other 224 2, 1, 283| determined by particular law, without at least the presumed 225 2, 1, 283| universal or particular law.~ 226 2, 1, 285| prescripts of particular law.~§2. Clerics are to avoid 227 2, 1, 288| deacons unless particular law establishes otherwise.~ 228 2, 1, 292| according to the norm of law loses with it the rights 229 2, 1, 305| according to the norm of law and the statutes. These 230 2, 1, 306| according to the prescripts of law and the proper statutes 231 2, 1, 307| according to the norm of law and the statutes of each 232 2, 1, 307| the norm of their proper law with the consent of their 233 2, 1, 308| according to the norm of law and the statutes.~ 234 2, 1, 309| According to the norm of law and the statutes, legitimately 235 2, 2, 334| to the norms defined by law.~ 236 2, 2, 340| council is interrupted by the law itself until the new Supreme 237 2, 2, 344| according to the norm of special law and designates and appoints 238 2, 2, 344| according to the norm of special law;~4/ defines the agenda;~ 239 2, 2, 346| determined by the special law of the synod; others are 240 2, 2, 346| designated by virtue of the same law; others are appointed directly 241 2, 2, 346| norm of the same special law.~§2. A synod of bishops 242 2, 2, 346| designated by the special law of the synod by reason of 243 2, 2, 346| to the norm of the same law.~§3. A synod of bishops 244 2, 2, 346| the norm of the special law which governs the synod.~ 245 2, 2, 347| members are suspended by the law itself until the new Pontiff 246 2, 2, 348| according to the norm of special law while others are appointed 247 2, 2, 349| according to the norm of special law. The cardinals assist the 248 2, 2, 351| possess the rights defined by law.~§3. When the Roman Pontiff 249 2, 2, 359| attributed to it in special law.~ 250 2, 2, 360| these are defined in special law.~ 251 2, 2, 362| The norms of international law are to be observed in what 252 2, 2, 365| the norms of international law:~1/ to promote and foster 253 2, 2, 373| juridic personality by the law itself.~ 254 2, 2, 378| scripture, theology, or canon law from an institute of higher 255 2, 2, 381| except for cases which the law or a decree of the Supreme 256 2, 2, 381| can. 368 are equivalent in law to a diocesan bishop unless 257 2, 2, 381| matter or from a prescript of law.~ 258 2, 2, 384| according to the norm of law.~ 259 2, 2, 391| according to the norm of law.~§2. The bishop exercises 260 2, 2, 391| according to the norm of law. He exercises judicial power 261 2, 2, 391| according to the norm of law.~ 262 2, 2, 395| auxiliary, he is bound by the law of personal residence in 263 2, 2, 397| in the cases expressed in law.~ 264 2, 2, 406| others those things which by law require a special mandate.~§ 265 2, 2, 409| same power, conferred by law, under the authority of 266 2, 2, 414| diocesan administrator has by law.~ 267 2, 2, 425| however, are null by the law itself.~ 268 2, 2, 426| possesses the power which the law grants to a vicar general.~ 269 2, 2, 427| by their nature or by the law itself.~§2. When he has 270 2, 2, 432| according to the norm of law.~§2. An ecclesiastical province 271 2, 2, 432| juridic personality by the law itself.~ 272 2, 2, 436| determined in particular law.~§3. The metropolitan has 273 2, 2, 437| the Roman Church, has by law in his own province.~§2. 274 2, 2, 443| of theology and of canon law, which have a seat in the 275 2, 2, 445| prejudice to the universal law of the Church, it is able 276 2, 2, 447| according to the norm of law.~ 277 2, 2, 449| juridic personality by the law itself.~ 278 2, 2, 450| of bishops belong by the law itself all diocesan bishops 279 2, 2, 450| those equivalent to them in law, coadjutor bishops, auxiliary 280 2, 2, 450| Roman Pontiff are not by law members of a conference 281 2, 2, 454| Can. 454 §1. By the law itself, diocesan bishops, 282 2, 2, 454| are equivalent to them in law, and coadjutor bishops have 283 2, 2, 455| in cases where universal law has prescribed it or a special 284 2, 2, 455| which neither universal law nor a special mandate of 285 2, 2, 468| synod is interrupted by the law itself until the succeeding 286 2, 2, 471| the manner determined by law or by the bishop;~2/ observe 287 2, 2, 471| the manner determined by law or by the bishop.~ 288 2, 2, 476| general has by universal law, according to the norm of 289 2, 2, 478| doctors or licensed in canon law or theology or at least 290 2, 2, 479| to the diocesan bishop by law, namely, the power to place 291 2, 2, 479| mandate of the bishop by law.~§2. By the law itself an 292 2, 2, 479| bishop by law.~§2. By the law itself an episcopal vicar 293 2, 2, 479| mandate of the bishop by law.~§3. Within the limit of 294 2, 2, 482| function, unless particular law establishes otherwise, is 295 2, 2, 492| Financial affairs and civil law, outstanding in integrity, 296 2, 2, 495| according to the norm of law to promote as much as possible 297 2, 2, 500| cases expressly defined by law.~§3. The presbyteral council 298 2, 2, 502| functions determined by law. When the five years elapse, 299 2, 2, 502| of consultors unless the law establishes otherwise.~ 300 2, 2, 503| the functions which the law or the diocesan bishop entrusts 301 2, 2, 506| prescripts of universal law.~§2. The statutes are also 302 2, 2, 510| according to the norm of law.~§3. It is for the diocesan 303 2, 2, 515| juridic personality by the law itself.~ 304 2, 2, 516| Can. 516 §1. Unless the law provides otherwise, a quasi-parish 305 2, 2, 519| according to the norm of law.~ 306 2, 2, 521| universal or particular law to care for the parish in 307 2, 2, 527| method accepted by particular law or legitimate custom. The 308 2, 2, 532| according to the norm of law. He is to take care that 309 2, 2, 535| prescripts of particular law.~ 310 2, 2, 537| in addition to universal law, by norms issued by the 311 2, 2, 538| according to the norm of law, by resignation made by 312 2, 2, 538| prescripts of particular law mentioned in can. 522.~§ 313 2, 2, 541| determined by particular law assumes this governance.~§ 314 2, 2, 543| dispense granted to a pastor by law; these are to be exercised, 315 2, 2, 548| according to the norm of law.~§3. A parochial vicar is 316 2, 2, 553| forane.~§2. Unless particular law establishes otherwise, the 317 2, 2, 554| determined by particular law.~§3. The diocesan bishop 318 2, 2, 555| given to him by particular law, the vicar forane has the 319 2, 2, 555| prescripts of particular law and at the times stated, 320 2, 2, 561| according to the norm of law.~ 321 2, 2, 564| universal and particular law.~ 322 2, 2, 565| Can. 565 Unless the law provides otherwise or someone 323 2, 2, 566| are granted by particular law or special delegation, a 324 2, 3, 596| is defined in universal law and the constitutions.~§ 325 2, 3, 597| by universal and proper law and who is not prevented 326 2, 3, 598| according to the proper law of the institute and thereby 327 2, 3, 600| to the norm of the proper law of each institute.~ 328 2, 3, 603| hermit is recognized by law as one dedicated to God 329 2, 3, 606| members are equally valid in law for either sex, unless it 330 2, 3, 607| members, according to proper law, pronounce public vows, 331 2, 3, 608| according to the norm of law. Each house is to have at 332 2, 3, 611| according to the norm of law and without prejudice to 333 2, 3, 611| the requirements of the law have been observed.~ 334 2, 3, 613| house is a major superior by law.~ 335 2, 3, 615| according to the norm of law.~ 336 2, 3, 616| been consulted. The proper law of the institute is to make 337 2, 3, 617| of universal and proper law.~ 338 2, 3, 620| the power which universal law grants to major superiors.~ 339 2, 3, 622| exercised according to proper law. Other superiors possess 340 2, 3, 623| be determined by proper law, or if it concerns major 341 2, 3, 624| autonomous house.~§2. Proper law is to provide suitable norms 342 2, 3, 624| reasons established in proper law.~ 343 2, 3, 626| of universal and proper law, are to abstain from any 344 2, 3, 627| prescribed in universal law, proper law is to determine 345 2, 3, 627| in universal law, proper law is to determine the cases 346 2, 3, 628| superiors whom the proper law of the institute designates 347 2, 3, 628| norms of this same proper law.~§2. It is the right and 348 2, 3, 629| according to the norm of proper law.~ 349 2, 3, 630| According to the norm of proper law, superiors are to be concerned 350 2, 3, 631| power of a chapter; proper law is to determine further 351 2, 3, 631| norms determined in proper law, not only provinces and 352 2, 3, 632| Can. 632 Proper law is to determine accurately 353 2, 3, 633| of universal and proper law and to express in their 354 2, 3, 634| As juridic persons by the law itself, institutes, provinces, 355 2, 3, 636| according to the norm of proper law, who is to manage the administration 356 2, 3, 636| manner established by proper law, Finance officers and other 357 2, 3, 638| Within the scope of universal law, it belongs to proper law 358 2, 3, 638| law, it belongs to proper law to determine acts which 359 2, 3, 638| designated for this in proper law also validly incur expenses 360 2, 3, 641| according to the norm of proper law.~ 361 2, 3, 643| apostolic life.~§2. Proper law can establish other impediments 362 2, 3, 645| the seminary.~§3. Proper law can require other proof 363 2, 3, 650| formation defined in proper law.~§2. Governance of the novices 364 2, 3, 653| according to the norm of proper law, but not beyond six months.~ ~ 365 2, 3, 654| rights and duties defined by law.~ 366 2, 3, 655| period defined in proper law; it is not to be less than 367 2, 3, 656| according to the norm of law;~4/ the profession is expressed 368 2, 3, 657| profession according to proper law, but in such a way that 369 2, 3, 658| others imposed by proper law, the following are required 370 2, 3, 659| suitably.~§2. Therefore, proper law must define the program 371 2, 3, 659| require it.~§3. Universal law and the program of studies 372 2, 3, 663| the prescripts of proper law, without prejudice to the 373 2, 3, 667| determinations of proper law, with some part of a religious 374 2, 3, 668| to be valid also in civil law.~§2. To change these dispositions 375 2, 3, 668| according to the norm of proper law.~§3. Whatever a religious 376 2, 3, 668| institute unless proper law states otherwise.~§4. A 377 2, 3, 668| possible, even in civil law; it is to take effect from 378 2, 3, 668| according to the norm of proper law and with the permission 379 2, 3, 668| according to the norm of proper law.~ 380 2, 3, 669| according to the norm of proper law, as a sign of their consecration 381 2, 3, 684| requirements established by proper law; a new profession is not 382 2, 3, 684| not required.~§4. Proper law is to determine the time 383 2, 3, 685| observance of the proper law of the new institute.~§2. 384 2, 3, 692| the member entails by the law itself dispensation from 385 2, 3, 693| into the diocese by the law itself after five years 386 2, 3, 696| gravity which the proper law of the institute may determine.~§ 387 2, 3, 696| gravity established in proper law are sufficient.~ 388 2, 3, 699| dismissal with the reasons in law and in fact expressed at 389 2, 3, 703| according to the norm of law or is to refer the matter 390 2, 3, 711| for the prescripts of the law which refer to institutes 391 2, 3, 716| institute according to proper law.~§2. Members of the same 392 2, 3, 718| Church, and by the proper law of the institute.~Likewise, 393 2, 3, 718| institute.~Likewise, proper law is to define the obligations 394 2, 3, 719| exercises according to proper law.~§2. The celebration of 395 2, 3, 735| Can. 735 §1. The proper law of each society determines 396 2, 3, 735| be observed.~§3. Proper law must determine the manner 397 2, 3, 740| according to the norm of proper law, which also governs absences 398 2, 3, 741| and 639, and of proper law.~§2. According to the norm 399 2, 3, 741| According to the norm of proper law, members are also capable 400 3, 0, 748| and by virtue of divine law are bound by the obligation 401 3, 0, 755| according to the norm of law, the conferences of bishops 402 3, 0, 756| according to the norm of law.~ 403 3, 0, 764| the faculty or particular law requires express permission.~ 404 3, 0, 827| scripture, theology, canon law, ecclesiastical history, 405 4, 0, 835| of the prescripts of the law.~§4. The other members of 406 4, 0, 838| according to the norm of law, the diocesan bishop.~§2. 407 4, 1, 843| and are not prohibited by law from receiving them.~§2. 408 4, 1, 868| prescripts of particular law after the parents have been 409 4, 1, 882| faculty in virtue of universal law or the special grant of 410 4, 1, 883| administering confirmation by the law itself:~1/ within the boundaries 411 4, 1, 883| those who are equivalent in law to a diocesan bishop;~2/ 412 4, 1, 884| confirming in virtue of the law or the special grant of 413 4, 1, 900| priest not impeded by canon law celebrates the Eucharist 414 4, 1, 905| except in cases where the law permits him to celebrate 415 4, 1, 912| person not prohibited by law can and must be admitted 416 4, 1, 966| this faculty either by the law itself or by a grant made 417 4, 1, 967| everywhere in the world by the law itself. Bishops likewise 418 4, 1, 967| faculty everywhere by the law itself as regards members 419 4, 1, 995| power is acknowledged in the law or granted by the Roman 420 4, 1, 999| to a diocesan bishop by law;~2/ any presbyter in a case 421 4, 1, 1019| their constitutions.~§2. The law for secular clerics governs 422 4, 1, 1020| and documents required by law according to the norm of 423 4, 1, 1025| according to the norm of law, is endowed in the judgment 424 4, 1, 1027| according to the norm of law.~ 425 4, 1, 1030| according to the norm of law.~ 426 4, 1, 1052| according to the norm of law, positive arguments have 427 4, 1, 1052| according to the norm of the law, and that the suitability 428 4, 1, 1057| between persons quali-fied by law, makes marriage; no human 429 4, 1, 1058| who are not prohibited by law can contract marriage.~ 430 4, 1, 1059| governed not only by divine law but also by canon law, without 431 4, 1, 1059| divine law but also by canon law, without prejudice to the 432 4, 1, 1060| Marriage possesses the favor of law; therefore, in a case of 433 4, 1, 1062| governed by the particular law established by the conference 434 4, 1, 1071| according to the norm of civil law;~3/ a marriage of a person 435 4, 1, 1075| authentically when divine law prohibits or nullifies marriage.~§ 436 4, 1, 1078| impediments of ecclesiastical law except those whose dispensation 437 4, 1, 1079| impediment of ecclesiastical law, whether public or occult, 438 4, 1, 1084| whether by a doubt about the law or a doubt about a fact, 439 4, 1, 1105| according to the norm of civil law.~§3. If the one mandating 440 4, 1, 1113| all those things which the law has established to prove 441 4, 1, 1114| according to the norm of law and, if possible, of the 442 4, 1, 1116| according to the norm of law cannot be present or approached 443 4, 1, 1120| spirit; nevertheless, the law remains in effect that the 444 4, 1, 1127| the other requirements of law are to be observed.~§2. 445 4, 1, 1140| legitimate ones unless the law has expressly provided otherwise.~ 446 4, 1, 1148| matters required by the law are to be observed.~§3. 447 4, 1, 1150| possesses the favor of the law.~ ~ 448 4, 1, 1156| consent.~§2. Ecclesiastical law requires this renewal for 449 4, 1, 1163| an impediment of natural law or of divine positive law 450 4, 1, 1163| law or of divine positive law can be sanated only after 451 4, 1, 1165| an impediment of natural law or divine positive law which 452 4, 1, 1165| natural law or divine positive law which has now ceased.~ ~ 453 4, 2, 1169| presbyters permitted by law or legitimate grant can 454 4, 2, 1169| blessings expressly permitted by law.~ 455 4, 2, 1176| according to the norm of law.~§2. Ecclesiastical funerals, 456 4, 2, 1177| occurred unless particular law has designated another church.~ 457 4, 2, 1180| burial unless prohibited by law.~ 458 4, 2, 1182| to the norm of particular law.~ 459 4, 2, 1191| Unless they are prohibited by law, all who possess suitable 460 4, 2, 1191| or malice is null by the law itself.~ 461 4, 2, 1200| grave fear is null by the law itself.~ 462 4, 2, 1204| strictly according to the law and according to the intention 463 4, 3, 1206| those equivalent to him by law; they can entrust the function 464 4, 3, 1225| oratories except those which the law or a prescript of the local 465 4, 3, 1243| Can. 1243 Particular law is to establish appropriate 466 4, 3, 1249| Can. 1249 The divine law binds all the Christian 467 4, 3, 1251| fourteenth year of age. The law of fasting, however, binds 468 4, 3, 1251| minors not bound by the law of fast and abstinence are 469 5, 0, 1254| according to the norm of law.~ 470 5, 0, 1258| means of natural or positive law permitted to others.~ 471 5, 0, 1263| Can. 1264 Unless the law has provided otherwise, 472 5, 0, 1273| have recognition in civil law.~ 473 5, 0, 1275| universal and particular law.~ 474 5, 0, 1276| specially expressed in universal law or the charter of a foundation, 475 5, 0, 1278| belong unless particular law, statutes, or legitimate 476 5, 0, 1278| its own administrators by law, the charter of the foundation, 477 5, 0, 1281| according to the norm of law.~ 478 5, 0, 1283| of both canon and civil law or those imposed by a founder, 479 5, 0, 1283| it is left to particular law, however, to require them 480 5, 0, 1286| determined by particular law, administrators are to render 481 5, 0, 1289| provisions which the civil law in a territory has established 482 5, 0, 1289| the same eVects in canon law insofar as the matters are 483 5, 0, 1289| provisions are contrary to divine law or canon law provides otherwise, 484 5, 0, 1289| contrary to divine law or canon law provides otherwise, and 485 5, 0, 1290| according to the norm of law is required for the valid 486 5, 0, 1290| exceeds the sum defined by law.~ 487 5, 0, 1298| A person who by natural law and canon law is able freely 488 5, 0, 1298| by natural law and canon law is able freely to dispose 489 5, 0, 1298| the formalities of civil law are to be observed if possible; 490 5, 0, 1302| Can. 1303 §1. In law, the term pious foundations 491 5, 0, 1302| determined by particular law, of celebrating Masses and 492 5, 0, 1303| or region.~§2. Particular law is to define additional 493 6, 1, 1311| mentioned in can. 1336.~§2. The law can establish other expiatory 494 6, 1 | TITLE II.~PENAL LAW AND PENAL PRECEPT (Cann. 495 6, 1, 1312| Can. 1313 §1. If a law is changed after a delict 496 6, 1, 1312| has been committed, the law more favorable to the accused 497 6, 1, 1312| applied.~§2. If a later law abolishes a law or at least 498 6, 1, 1312| a later law abolishes a law or at least the penalty, 499 6, 1, 1313| has been imposed; if the law or precept expressly establishes 500 6, 1, 1314| appropriate penalty a divine law or an ecclesiastical law


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