|Code of Canon Law|
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SOCIETIES OF APOSTOLIC LIFE (Cann. 731 - 755)
Can. 731 §1. Societies of apostolic life resemble institutes of consecrated life; their members, without religious vows, pursue the apostolic purpose proper to the society and, leading a life in common as brothers or sisters according to their proper manner of life, strive for the perfection of charity through the observance of the constitutions.
§2. Among these are societies in which members assume the evangelical counsels by some bond defined in the constitutions.
Can. 732 Those things which are established in cann. ⇒ 578-597 and ⇒ 606 apply to societies of apostolic life, without prejudice, however, to the nature of each society; moreover, ⇒ cann. 598-602 apply to the societies mentioned in ⇒ can. 731, §2.
Can. 733 §1. The competent authority of the society erects a house and establishes a local community with the previous written consent of the diocesan bishop, who must also be consulted concerning its suppression.
§2. Consent to erect a house entails the right to have at least an oratory in which the Most Holy Eucharist is to be celebrated and reserved.
Can. 734 The constitutions determine the governance of a society, with ⇒ cann. 617-633 observed according to the nature of each society.
Can. 735 §1. The proper law of each society determines the admission, probation, incorporation, and formation of members.
§2. In what pertains to admission into a society, the conditions established in ⇒ cann. 642- 645 are to be observed.
§3. Proper law must determine the manner of probation and formation, especially doctrinal, spiritual, and apostolic, adapted to the purpose and character of the society, in such a way that the members, recognizing their divine vocation, are suitably prepared for the mission and life of the society.
Can. 736 §1. In clerical societies, clerics are incardinated in the society itself unless the constitutions establish otherwise.
§2. In those things which belong to the program of studies and to the reception of orders, the norms for secular clerics are to be observed, without prejudice to §1.
Can. 737 Incorporation entails on the part of the members the obligations and rights defined in the constitutions and on the part of the society concern for leading the members to the purpose of their proper vocation according to the constitutions.
Can. 738 §1. All members are subject to their proper moderators according to the norm of the constitutions in those matters which regard the internal life and discipline of the society.
§2. They are also subject to the diocesan bishop in those matters which regard public worship, the care of souls, and other works of the apostolate, with attention to ⇒ cann. 679-683.
§3. The constitutions or particular agreements define the relations of a member incardinated in a diocese with his own bishop.
Can. 739 In addition to the obligations to which members as members are subject according to the constitutions, they are bound by the common obligations of clerics unless it is otherwise evident from the nature of the thing or the context.
Can. 740 Members must live in a house or in a legitimately established community and must observe common life according to the norm of proper law, which also governs absences from the house or community.
Can. 741 §1. Societies and, unless the constitutions determine otherwise, their parts and houses are juridic persons and, as such, capable of acquiring, possessing, administering, and alienating temporal goods according to the norm of the prescripts of Book V, The Temporal Goods of the Church, of cann. ⇒ 636, ⇒ 638, and ⇒ 639, and of proper law.
§2. According to the norm of proper law, members are also capable of acquiring, possessing, administering, and disposing of temporal goods, but whatever comes to them on behalf of the society is acquired by the society.
Can. 742 The constitutions of each society govern the departure and dismissal of a member not yet definitively incorporated.
Can. 743 Without prejudice to the prescript of ⇒ can. 693, a definitively incorporated member can obtain an indult of departure from the society from the supreme moderator with the consent of the council, unless it is reserved to the Holy See according to the constitutions; with the indult, the rights and obligations deriving from incorporation cease.
Can. 744 §1. It is equally reserved to the supreme moderator with the consent of the council to grant permission for a definitively incorporated member to transfer to another society of apostolic life; the rights and obligations proper to the society are suspended in the meantime, without prejudice to the right of returning before definitive incorporation in the new society.
§2. Transfer to an institute of consecrated life or from one to a society of apostolic life requires the permission of the Holy See, whose mandates must be observed.
Can. 745 The supreme moderator with the consent of the council can grant an indult to live outside the society to a definitively incorporated member, but not for more than three years; the rights and obligations which cannot be reconciled with the new condition of the member are suspended, but the member remains under the care of the moderators. If it concerns a cleric, moreover, the consent of the ordinary of the place in which he must reside is required, under whose care and dependence he also remains.
Can. 746 For the dismissal of a definitively incorporated member, ⇒ cann. 694-704 are to be observed with appropriate adaptations.